IICCMER announces the release of the 4th volume of its English yearbook

02.09.2014
The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) announces the release of the 4th issue of its English yearbook History of Communism in Europe, on the topic Transitional Justice and Civil Societies after Dictatorial Regimes.

The volume comprises theoretical considerations and case studies about the transitional and post-transitional societies in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as Latin America, focusing on the role of the civic society in negotiating the policies of justice, retribution and reparation with state institutions.

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Table of Contents History of Communism in Europe no. 4/2013
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Twenty Five Years Later. History and Memory of Communism
The International Conference of Bucharest
20 and 21 November 2014


21.08.2014
Organizers: Memoria Cultural Foundation, The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER)

Partners: Francophone Regional Center of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (CeReFREA), National School of Political and Administrative Studies (SNSPA)

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CALL FOR PAPERS: The Countryside and Communism in Eastern Europe: Perceptions, Attitudes, Propaganda
Sibiu, 25 to 26 September 2015


14.07.2014
Generally, studies on communism in Eastern Europe have focused mainly on various political history topics – the establishment of the new totalitarian regimes, the elimination of democratic order, the repression, the anticommunist resistance – while disregarding the many aspects of social and cultural history in general and, in particular, the transformations in the rural world. Among the latter, the collectivization of agriculture holds a central position.

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IICCMER asks the General Prosecutor’s Office to initiate the criminal proceedings against former deputy commander for security and regime of the Oneşti labor camp, also former deputy commander for security and regime / commander of the Gherla penitentiary for crimes against humanity


10.07.2014
Bucharest, July 8th, 2014 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) asked the General Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice to initiate the criminal proceedings against the former deputy commander for security and regime of the Oneşti labor camp, also former deputy commander for security and regime / commander of the Gherla Penitentiary, Lieutenant-major (r) Constantin Istrate (88 years old), for committing crimes against humanity.

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Râmnicu Sărat Summer University
“Prison of Silence, an Experience in Communism”
8th edition, August 22nd - 29th, 2014


23.06.2014
The Summer University of Râmnicu Sărat is the first of its kind in Romania dedicated to the study of the communist repressive system. Based on the concept “Prison of Silence, an Experience in Communism”, the 8th edition sets out to analyze the memory of the 1945 – 1989 period, from a historical and biographical perspective. The participants are invited to gain knowledge and discuss various ideological, social and political aspects of communism. Because the effects of the communist period are still felt today on a large scale in Romanian society, a better understanding of the recent past can contribute to a better understanding of current realities. The students will have the opportunity of taking part in debates and presentations on various topics related to the communist period, held by representatives of IICCMER, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, foreign experts, historians and researchers of communism and post-communism in Romania and Eastern Europe.

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Conference held by Radu Preda at the Romanian Cultural Institute in Vienna: “25 years later. The Culture of Remembrance – The Case of Romania”


10.06.2014
The Executive President of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile, Radu Preda, holds the conference “25 years later. The Culture of Remembrance – The Case of Romania”, on Wednesday, June 11th, from 7 p.m., at the Romanian Cultural Institute in Vienna.

The conference aims to present the way in which a culture of remembrance was shaped in Europe and Romania respectively, 25 years after the fall of the Iron Curtain. The event raises a question each country should answer, considering the impressive number of victims: Is Europe aware, 25 years after the fall of communism, of the price of today’s freedom?

IICCMER, partner of the ASTRA Summer School at the Râşnov History Film Festival


25.04.2014
IICCMER is partner in the organization of this year’s ASTRA Summer School, which will take place in Râșnov during August 1st – 10th, 2014, at the VIth edition of the History Film Festival.

The main topics of the Summer School and of the Festival are “The Great War” and “1989 – Did it happen or not?”.

15 students passionate about history will take part in the ASTRA Summer School. They will have free access to lectures and workshops, will meet up with historians and participate in all the festival events.

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Debate on the anticommunist resistance through faith, organized on the former day of the Romanian Communist Party


09.05.2014
The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER), in partnership with the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism (INST) and the Lumea Credinţei Magazine, organized on Thursday, May 8th, at Cărtureşti bookstore in Bucharest, the debate “The anticommunist resistance through faith”, which revealed the amazing stories of some of the victims of the communist repression and the strength they showed in fighting for their ideals.

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The search and exhumation of Gheorghe Paşca and Gavrilă Rus, murdered by the communist Securitate on February 5th, 1956


29.04.2014
The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER), in partnership with the National History Museum of Transylvania from Cluj-Napoca, organized on April 28th and 29th, 2014, an archaeological investigation in Năsăud city, Bistriţa-Năsăud County. The operation aimed to search, identify and exhume the remains belonging to Gheorghe Paşca and Gavrilă Rus, victims of the Securitate murdered in an armed confrontation near Bichigiu village, Bistriţa-Năsăud County.

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Interview with the former political prisoner Ştefan Romanciuc


25.04.2014
Experts of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) met on April 24th with Ştefan Romanciuc, former political prisoner, who talked about his experience during the communist regime. His testimonies will be used in documenting the investigation cases prepared by IICCMER and in future editorial projects.

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Meeting between IICCMER and the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism


16.04.2014
The Executive President of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile, Mr. Radu Preda, together with the President of the IICCMER Scientific Council, Mr. Dinu Zamfirescu, met on Wednesday, April 16th, with the Director of the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism, Mr. Radu Ciuceanu, to explore the possibilities of collaboration on the eve of marking 25 years from the fall of the communist regime. The discussions emphasized the need to create a joint platform dedicated to the study of totalitarianism, with the support of all public and private institutions activating in this field. IICCMER aims to federate the memories related to the recent past, so that, aside from the political and ideological options, the memory of communism remains coherent and credible for future generations.

Meeting between the leaders of IICCMER, the Konrad Adenauer Romania Foundation and the Romanian Foundation for Democracy


15.04.2014
The Executive President of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile, Mr. Radu Preda, met on Tuesday, April 15th, with the Head of the KAS Offices in Romania and in the Republic of Moldova, Mr. Sven-Joachim Irmer, and with Mr. Emil Constantinescu, Founding President of the Romanian Foundation for Democracy, at the IICCMER headquarters. The discussions focused on the need of establishing a mutual plan, supported by all the Romanian public figures, regarding the necessity of preserving the memory of the totalitarian period, as well as the urgency of creating a Museum of Communism a quarter of a century after the historical failure of the communist regime.

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Students of “Jean Monnet” high school, on a visit to IICCMER


10.04.2014
On April 10th, The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) was visited by a group of students from “Jean Monnet” high school in Bucharest. On this occasion, the students watched the short film Half Shaved (Tuns, ras şi frezat), directed by Bogdan Mureșanu, and talked to the IICCMER experts.

EUROPEAN REMEMBRANCE
3rd Symposium of European institutions dealing with 20th-century history ‘Europe between War and Peace 1914-2004. Turning Points in 20th Century European History’
9-11 April 2014, Prague


10.04.2014
Conference Venue: Czernin Palace, Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Prague

Representatives of 170 institutions and non-governmental organisations from 30 European countries reunited in Prague for the third edition of the international symposium “European Remembrance” to talk about today’s culture of remembrance in the context of this year anniversaries: centenary of the First World War, 75th anniversary of the outbreak of the Second World War, 25th anniversary of 1989 events and 10th anniversary of the enlargement of the European Union to include former communist bloc countries.

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Members of the European Law Students’ Association on a visit to IICCMER


09.04.2014
On April 8th, The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile received the visit of a group of Romanian and Dutch students, part of the European Law Students’ Association (ELSA), interested in finding out more information about the activity of the Institute and the communist period. The IICCMER experts presented the structure of the Institute, talked about the research and investigation projects they carry out and answered the guests’ questions.

Şcoala Altfel (A different school) Educational Program at IICCMER: Human Rights in the Recent History of Romania


07.04.2014
The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER), in partnership with the Ministry of National Education, is currently undertaking in Bran the program “A Different School: Human Rights in the Recent History of Romania”, addressed to high school students.

Until April 10th, 20 students from all across the country are participating in creative workshops, film projections, presentations made the IICCMER experts, visits at the historical landmarks and other sociocultural activities meant to draw their interest towards studying the history of the communist regime in Romania.

First press conference held by the new Executive President of IICCMER, Radu Preda


03.04.2014
The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) organized, on April 2nd, the first press conference held by the new Executive President, Mr. Radu Preda, who presented the plans and future courses of action for the institution.

Among the priorities is researching the “ideology and manifestations of the totalitarian regime”, translated into the publishing of course books, but also continuing the investigations of the former communist officials.

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Andrei Muraru resigned from the Executive President position at IICCMER


10.03.2014
Bucharest, March 5th, 2014 – Andrei Muraru has sent Prime Minister Victor Ponta his resignation from the position of Executive President of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER).

Romanian Prime Minister, Mr. Victor Ponta, named Andrei Muraru Executive President of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) on May 23rd, 2012.

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The National Contest for High School Students “A Day in Communism: Pages from a <<Secret>> Diary”


03.03.2014
IICCMER, in partnership with the Ministry of National Education and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, organizes the national contest for highschool students “A Day in Communism: Pages from a <<Secret>> Diary” („O zi in comunism: file de jurnal «secret»”). The contest aims to encourage students to use their imagination and creativity to write an essay on the above mentioned topic in the form of an entry from a personal diary.

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The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER), in partnership with the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Ministry of National Education, organizes, on March 15th and 16th, in Buzău, a new continuing education course addressed to teachers


03.03.2014
Through these training and advanced courses, IICCMER aims to contribute to the acknowledgement of the values represented by human rights among teachers, as well as students, and to develop an education model fundamentally different from that of the paternalist education.

The starting point is the retrospective-critical view on the status of human rights during the communist regime.

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The volume “The Governed and Governors. Letters addressed to the political power during 1945 – 1965” was launched under the aegis of IICCMER


The volume “The Governed and Governors. Letters addressed to the political power during 1945 – 1965”, edited by Mioara Anton and Laurențiu Constantiniu, was launched at Polirom Publishing House under the aegis of IICCMER.

Anonymous letters of ordinary people, denunciations, adhesions of the intellectuals, contestations of the excluded, marginalized or arrested party members, the correspondence of the communist elite, holiday letters of the party leaders.

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Call for papers – History of Communism in Europe, 5/2014


Narratives of Legitimation in totalitarian regimes – heroes, villains, intrigues and outcomes

Open Call for Papers for the 2014 volume of the academic journal History of Communism in Europe: Narratives of Legitimation in Totalitarian Regimes in the 20th Century Europe – Heroes, Villains, Intrigues and Outcomes.

The forthcoming issue of the academic journal History of Communism in Europe is Narratives of Legitimation in Totalitarian Regimes in the 20th Century Europe – Heroes, Villains, Intrigues and Outcomes. Twenty five years ago the grand narrative of European communism collapsed together with the Great Wall of Berlin, leaving in its wake an invitation for questions, analyses and startling revelations. This grand narrative resisted for several decades and a perfume of nostalgia for those times still persists in Central and Eastern Europe. Looking further back in time, countries in this area and in the rest of the European space experienced regimes of the extreme right.

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IICCMER asks the General Prosecutor’s Office to initiate criminal proceedings against former commander of the Cernavodă labor camp for crimes against humanity


Bucharest, February 11th, 2014 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) asked the General Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice to initiate the criminal proceedings against the former commander of the Cernavodă labor camp, cpt. (r) Florian Cormoş (87 years old) for committing crimes against humanity.

Following investigations undertaken by IICCMER during the past months, IICCMER identified a series of evidence indicating that, during the time cpt. (r) Florian Cormoş was commander of the Cernavodă labor colony (December 20th, 1952 – April 17th, 1953), he committed crimes against humanity related to the people admitted administratively and the convicts, deeds which are stated and sanctioned by article 439, paragraph 1, letter j of the Criminal Code.

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The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile, in partnership with the Ministry of National Education and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, organizes the national creative contest “A different museum in your school: The Museum of Communism” (“Un altfel de muzeu în școala ta: Muzeul comunismului”) between February 6th and March 21rd.


The contest is addressed to students in grades 9-12 from schools in Romania belonging to the Ministry of National Education. Through a creative exercise, the contest aims to attract the interest of students in the history of the communist regime in Romania. Thus, we challenge students to arrange in their schools a space dedicated to the history of communism in Romania, a museum that shows through its exhibits (photos, objects, artistic creations) their perception on the communist period.

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IICCMER launched the 8th issue of its yearbook, entitled “Between transformation and adaptation. Avatars of everyday life during the communist regime in Romania”


The most recent issue of the IICCMER yearbook appeared at Polirom Publishing House “Between transformation and adaptation. Avatars of everyday life during the communist regime in Romania, under the coordination of Luciana M. Jinga and Ştefan Bosomitu.

The 8th volume of the IICCMER yearbook offers an analysis of the history of the communist regime in Romania from an original perspective. The studies suggest a different approach to the communist regime, by analyzing structures and practices from everyday life.

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Daniel Barbu, appointed as member of the Scientific Council of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile


Bucharest, January 30th, 2014 – The Prime Minister of Romania, Mr. Victor Ponta, has appointed Mr. Daniel Constantin Barbu, through a decision published on Thursday, January 30th, in the Official Journal of Romania, as member of the Scientific Council of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile. Mr. Barbu thus replaces Mr. Stelian Tănase, who was appointed as TVR Director-General ad interim at the end of last year. 

The Scientific Council of IICCMER, formed out of 14 top figures of the academic world, sets the general objectives of the Institute and analyses the obtained results.

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IICCMER publishes the result of the investigation in the case of Sebestyen who died shortly before being sent to justice: 15 deaths recorded during his mandate


Bucharest, January 16th, 2014 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) publishes the result of the investigation in the case of lt.-maj. (r) Iuliu Sebestyen, deceased in October 2013 aged 86 years old, one of the 35 persons who occupied leading positions in the communist prison system, suspected by IICCMER of committing political crimes and abuses.

Following investigations, IICCMER identified a series of significant data and evidence indicating that, in the period in which lt.-maj. Sebestyen Gheorghe Iuliu occupied the position of deputy for security and regime (January 1954 – December 1955) at the Gherla Penitentiary (Formation 0606), the political prisoners were subjected to an extremely rough detention regime. This kind of regime can be considered one of extermination, due to the inhumane incarceration conditions which finally led to the deaths of numerous prisoners.

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The recordings of the shows aired in December 1989 on Radio Free Europe have arrived to Bucharest


Bucharest, January 8th, 2014 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) has come into possession of 125 footages in digital format of the radio shows recorded by the Romanian Department of Radio Free Europe in December 1989.

This operation is part of a project undertaken in partnership with Hoover Institution Archives, Stanford University, which involves the digitization of 3,350 recordings made by the Romanian Department of Radio Free Europe throughout over 30 years. The first part of the archive, containing 415 materials covering the 1956-1991 period, was delivered to IICCMER in May of last year. The recordings from the American archive have been acquired from public funds.

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IICCMER welcomes the decision of the Constitutional Court regarding the non-applicability of statutory limitations in the case of murder


Bucharest, December 12th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) welcomes the decision of the Constitutional Court regarding the non-applicability of statutory limitations for murder and thanks the judges of the Court for their responsibility and professionalism.

Following today’s decision of the Constitutional Court, the plea of unconstitutionality regarding article 125 from the Criminal Code and Law 27/2012, which cancels the possibility of criminal accountability for murder, was rejected.

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The President of the Institute of National Remembrance from Poland visited IICCMER


Bucharest, December 12th, 2013 – The President of the Institute of National Remembrance (IPN), Mr. Łukasz Kamiński, together with His Excellency Ambassador Marek Szczygieł of Poland, visited the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile on December 11th.

The visit of the Polish delegation marks an important step in strengthening the relation between the two partner institutions, IICCMER and IPN, whose activities focus on the investigation and denunciation of the political crimes and abuses committed by the communist regimes.

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Călin Popescu Tăriceanu and Emil Constantinescu, among the public figures honored by the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile


Bucharest, December 11th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) offered on Tuesday, December 10th, at a debate entitled After 24 years: It is not too late to do justice, honorable diplomas to the personalities and organizations who supported the Institute during its years of activity.

The event was a retrospect of the Institute’s efforts to send the communist officials to justice, but also a presentation of future projects.

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Partnership between IICCMER and the authority that manages the archives of the former communist secret services in Bulgaria


Bucharest, November 27th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) and The Committee on Disclosure of Documents and Announcing Affiliation of Bulgarian Citizens to the State Security and the Intelligence Services of the Bulgarian National Army (The Committee) concluded yesterday, on November 26th, 2013, in Sofia, a bilateral cooperation agreement.

Present in Sofia on the invitation of the Bulgarian partners, Mr. Andrei Muraru, Executive President of IICCMER, signed, together with his Bulgarian counterpart, Mr. Evtim Kostadinov, Chairman of the Committee, a bilateral cooperation agreement between the two institutions.

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New evidence discovered by IICCMER in the Visinescu case // The number of deaths recorded at Râmnicu Sărat under his direction has increased to 12


Bucharest, November 6th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) has identified, based on information provided by the National Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives (CNSAS), new documents certifying other 7 deaths among the political prisoners incarcerated in Râmnicu Sărat during the time when Alexandru Vişinescu was prison commander.

Based on information provided by CNSAS, the Institute has identified documents which prove that seven other political prisoners died at Râmnicu Sărat during Alexandru Vișinescu’s mandate (1956-1963), aside from the five deaths that had already been documented: Ion Lugoșianu (d. 1957), Theodor Roxin (d. 1960), Ion Gigurtu (d. 1959), Sándor Imre (d. 1956), Constantin Hagea (d. 1960), Gheorghe Leon (d. 1959), Mircea Cancicov (d. 1959).

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IICCMER welcomes the decision of the General Prosecutor’s Office regarding the initiation of the criminal proceedings against former commander of Periprava labor camp for genocide, col. (r) Ioan Ficior // IICCMER will continue to assist the legal bodies until all those responsible for communist crimes are sent to trial


Bucharest, October 24th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) welcomes the decision of the General Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice regarding the initiation of criminal proceedings against col. (r) Ioan Ficior for the crime of genocide. In addition, the Institute will continue to assist the legal bodies until all those responsible for committing political crimes during communism are sent to trial.


The decision announced today by the Prosecutor’s Office thus confirms the validity of the evidence administered and handed over to the prosecutors by IICCMER and the professionalism of the Institute in addressing this case. The institute has offered its support to the legal bodies throughout the whole investigation.

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First step in the European project “Peace and Agriculture”, undertaken by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, in partnership with the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile


Bucharest, October 10th, 2013 – The official launch of the project “Peace and Agriculture”, which has the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and Memory of the Romanian Exile as main partner, took place on Thursday, October 10th. Initiated by the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection, together with the FriendenBrot Association from Germany, and implemented in Romania by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the project sets out to promote and preserve the idea that sustainable agriculture, wellbeing and happiness can only be met in times of peace.

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IICCMER expresses its concern regarding the potential blockage of the “Revolution Files”


Bucharest, October 9th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) expresses its concern regarding the possible blockage of the “Revolution Files”, following the solving of a plea of unconstitutionality by the Constitutional Court of Romania on the 15th of October 2013.

Law 27/2012 changed the Romanian Criminal Code as follows:
It canceled the statute of limitations for the crimes of murder (murder, aggravated murder, first degree murder and premeditated crimes which resulted in the death of the victim), including those for which the statute of limitations had not expired at the date the law came into force (March 2012) and introduced the expression “regardless of the date when they were committed” for the non-applicability of statutory limitations in the case of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

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The human remains identified at Periprava confirm the existence of a mass grave / IICCMER publishes the report of the field investigation at the former labor colony


Bucharest, October 1st, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) publishes on www.iiccmer.ro the archaeological report regarding the field investigations conducted at the former labor colony in Periprava. The archaeological diagnosis confirms the existence of a mass grave with human remains belonging to victims from the labor camp.

Following investigations undertaken at Periprava in September 2013, the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile has identified a burial place of the detainees deceased during 1958-1963 at the Periprava labor colony.

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IICCMER asks the General Prosecutor’s Office to initiate the criminal proceedings against former commander of Periprava labor camp for genocide


Bucharest, September 18th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) asked the General Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice to initiate the criminal proceedings against former commander of the Periprava labor camp, colonel (r) Ioan Ficior (85 years old), for committing the crime of genocide.

Evidence administered by IICCMER showed that Ioan Ficior enforced and maintained an extermination regime for the political prisoners detained at Periprava, while he was occupying leading positions within this labor camp during 1958-1963. Ficior’s deeds can be classified as genocide, as it is defined by article 357, paragraph 1, letter a and c from the Romanian Penal Code, through the murdering of the members of the collectivity made out of political prisoners and/ or subjecting the members of this collectivity to living conditions or treatments meant to lead to their physical destruction.

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Meeting of the IICCMER Scientific Council


Monday, September 23rd, 2013, at the headquarters of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile, the new Scientific Council of IICCMER assembled for the first time in its new configuration, which was established through a decision of the Prime Minister in May of this year.

Nine of the 14 members of the Scientific Council took part in the meeting: Adrian Cioroianu, Cristian Pârvulescu, Zoe Petre, Hubertus Knabe, William Totok, Stelian Tănase, Matei Cazacu, Stephane Courtois and Maria Schmidt. The members of the Scientific Council, together with the President of the Council and the executive management of IICCMER, discussed the projects currently undertaken by the Institute and established the general directions for future actions.

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For the first time in Romania, IICCMER organizes an international workshop focused on finding the best solutions for the transformation of the former Râmnicu Sărat prison into a Memorial for the Victims of Communism


The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile, in partnership with Konrad Adenauer Foundation and Râmnicu Sărat City Hall, organizes, during September 12th-15th, an international workshop to establish the main courses of action for the transformation of the former prison from Râmnicu Sărat, one of the toughest points of communist repression, into a Memorial for the Victims of Communism.

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IICCMER salutes the historical decision of the General Prosecutor’s Office and announces the intensification of the program for the identification of the communist criminals


Bucharest, September 3rd, 2013 – Following the announcement made by the General Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice regarding the initiation of the criminal proceedings against former commander of Râmnicu Sărat prison, Alexandru Vişinescu, for the crime of genocide, the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exiles salutes this historical decision and emphasizes that it will continue to channel its efforts towards the identification of the persons responsible for committing political crimes and abuses during the communist period.

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Râmnicu Sărat Summer University. „The Prison of Silence – The Lesson of Communism” 7th Edition
25th – 31st August 2013


The Râmnicu Sărat Summer University is the first summer school in Romania to be fully dedicated to the study of the Communist repression and incarceration system. The summer school set out to analyze the memory and the rememberance of the 1944 – 1989 period, from a historical, biographical and comparative perspective. The target group for the project were students with ages between 19 and 27 years old, graduate and undergraduate, with an educational background in history, philosophy, political science, sociology, journalism, law and humanities, from universities in Romania and the Republic of Moldova.

The participants were invited to reflect on different ideological, social and political aspects of Communism. Because the effects of the communist period are still felt today on a large scale in romanian society, a better understanding of the recent past is necessary in accepting and dealing with present realities.

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Work meeting between the management of the General Prosecutor’s Office and the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile


Bucharest, August 13th, 2013 – An assembly of the representatives of the General Prosecutor’s Office and those of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile took place at the High Court of Cassation and Justice headquarters.

The discussions covered general aspects regarding the collaboration and communication between the two institutions, as well as technical aspects related to the filing and solving of criminal complaints brought forward by the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile.

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IICCMER asks the Public Prosecutor’s Office to initiate criminal proceedings against former commander of Râmnicu Sărat prison for first degree murder


Bucharest, July 30th, 2013 – The institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMRE) solicited the Public Prosecutor’s Office attached to the Military Territorial Court of Bucharest to initiate the criminal proceedings against the former head of the Râmnicu Sărat prison, lieutenant-colonel (r) Alexandru Vișinescu (88 years old), for first degree murder.

Following investigations carried out during the past several months, IICCMRE identified various evidence pointing to the fact that, during the time that lt.-col. Alexandru Vişinescu filled out the position of commander at the Râmnicu Sărat penitentiary, that is during 1956-1963, the political prisoners were subjected to an extremely rough imprisonment regime. This regime can be considered as one of extermination given the inhumane imprisonment conditions, which eventually lead to the death of several political prisoners who were incarcerated here.

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For the first time in Romania, a former communist prison, entirely preserved, can be visited online


Bucharest, July 24th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile, in partnership with Konrad Adenauer Foundation, launched the online tour of the former prison from Râmnicu Sărat, one of the roughest points of communist repression, which is to be transformed into a Memorial for the Victims of Communism during the following years. Available online at http://ramnicusarat.iiccr.ro/, this is the first in situ virtual tour of a communist prison in Romania, which keeps the space of the former penitentiary intact, before its restoration, estimated for 2016.

Thus, the online visitors can browse through the building and the yard of the former prison and see the former cells, among which is the one where the Peasants Party leader, Ion Mihalache, died.

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Call for Contributions
Re-thinking the Central and Eastern Europe Totalitarianisms: Challenges, Entanglements and Reassessments
2nd Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Totalitarianism for PhD Students
October 17-18, 2013 – Sibiu (ROMANIA)


Organizers:
The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile
Konrad Adenauer Stiftung
„Lucian Blaga” University – Sibiu


The 2nd Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Totalitarianism for PhD Students – Re-thinking the Central and Eastern Europe Totalitarianisms: Challenges, Entanglements and Reassessments” is a forum for the presentation of the PhD students’ research results in the fields of history, political sciences, sociology, arts, literature, etc.

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IICCMER starts a new archaeological investigation in search for the political prisoners dead at Târgu Ocna penitentiary


The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER), in partnership with the National History Museum of Transylvania from Cluj-Napoca (MNIT), organizes, starting with July 15th, 2013, a new campaign of archaeological investigations in Târgu Ocna, Bacău County. The operation aims to search, identify and exhume the remains of the former political prisoners, who died in the Hospital-Penitentiary from Târgu Ocna.

According to existing sources, a number of 54 people sentenced for political crimes died in the Hospital-Penitentiary from Târgu Ocna during 1950-1954 alone. However, until 1964 the number of political prisoners who died here was much higher.

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The fate of several pro-British Romanian activists during the communist regime, analyzed by Dennis Deletant, professor at Georgetown University, Washington D.C.


The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile organizes the conference “Condemned, but not forgotten: the fate of several pro-British activists in Romania. 1945-1964”, held by Mr. Dennis Deletant, professor of Romanian Studies at Georgetown University, Washington D.C., which will take place on Thursday, July 18th, from 17.00, at Grand Hotel Continental in Bucharest (56 Victoriei Street).

After the instauration of the communist regime in 1945, Romania was forced to turn its back on the Occident and look Eastwards. Any person connected to the western world automatically became a suspect and a target for the political police. Being in touch with the “imperialistic world” was a very serious accusation and those who were linked or who worked for the western legations and institutions turned over night from public officers into victims of the new regime.

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Mihail Fărcăşanu’s articles, reunited in a volume published with the support of IICCMER


The volume Viitorul libertăţii. Publicistica din ţară şi din exil (1944-1963) (The Future of Freedom. Articles from Romania and the Exile (1944-1963) – (foreword by Dinu Zamfirescu, edition overseen by Pia Bader Fărcășanu), by Mihail Fărcăşanu was published at Polirom, including a selection of articles published by the author across almost 20 years, a precious document which contains the testimonies of a figure who was directly involved, as head of the National Liberal Party, in numerous events of high importance from Romania and later on from exile.

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Call for Papers
CALL FOR PAPERS 2013


The academic journal History of Communism in Europe launches the Call for papers for the 2013 volume: Transitional Justice and Civil Societies after Dictatorial Regimes.
The contributors are kindly asked to write abstracts that do not exceed 500 words. Deadline: July 22nd, 2013.

You may submit your proposals at: [email protected].

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American Official Radu Ioanid and the Minister of Culture, Daniel Barbu, visited the former prison from Râmnicu Sărat, future Memorial of the Victims of Communism


American official Radu Ioanid and the Minister of Culture, Daniel Barbu, both recently visited the former prison from Râmnicu Sărat, together with the representatives of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER).

During their visits, the officials were presented with the history of the prison and learned about the plans for the restoration and promotion of the former penitentiary as a Memorial of the Victims of Communism.

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The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile launches the competition for the selection of PhD candidates to enter the doctoral scholarships program, second edition, 2013-2014



Within its program of doctoral scholarships, IICCMER launches a new competition for the 2013-2014 academic year. IICCMER will offer young PhD candidates a number of five scholarships amounting to RON 1,500 per month during the span of an academic year (9 months).

Eligibility terms
In order to qualify for the IICCMER doctoral scholarships, candidates should be at most 35 years old at the time they apply and already enrolled in a doctoral program within an authorized university in Romania (academic year 2013-2014). IICCMER employees are not eligible for the program. Project selection will be undertaken by a jury made out of personalities from the academic world in Romania and abroad. The structure of the jury will be established by IICCMER’s executive president.

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Prime Minister Victor Ponta Has Appointed the Scientific Council of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile


Bucharest, May 28th, 2013 – The Prime Minister of Romania, Mr. Victor Ponta, has appointed, through a decision published on Monday, May 27th, in the Official Journal of Romania, the new members of the scientific Council of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER), governmental body which administers and analyses the memory of the communist regime in Romania.

The scientific Council of IICCMER, formed out of 14 top figures of the academic world, sets the general objectives of the Institute and analyses the obtained results.

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The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile resumes diggings at Aiud Penitentiary to recover swords of inestimable historical value


The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER), in partnership with the National History Museum of Transylvania from Cluj-Napoca (MNIT), organizes, starting from Thursday, 23rd of May 2013, a new campaign of archaeological investigations at Aiud Prison, one of the roughest prisons in the communist repressive system, to search, discover and recover several swords from the national heritage, that were hidden inside the prison by former political prisoners. This operation continues the investigations campaign started in October 2012.

The swords were hidden in an area of the building were the forge workshop used to operate. These swords belonged to members of the former Royal Army and were confiscated after the instauration of the communist regime, along with the orders, medals and decorations of the former militaries, some of which had been given by the Romanian kings or by military leaders for acts of bravery on the battle fields of the two world wars or on other military events.

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Visit of the Ambassador of the Republic of Macedonia at the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile


Bucharest, May 21st, 2013 – On Monday, the 20th of May, the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) received the visit of His Excellency Pande Lazarevski, the Ambassador of the Republic of Macedonia in Bucharest. The discussions emphasized the importance of establishing a strong cooperation between the institutions responsible for studying the totalitarian past in the two countries, which is vital for preserving memory, understanding the past and its consequences, as well as honoring the victims of the totalitarian regimes.

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Part of the Romanian Archive from Radio Free Europe Has Arrived in Bucharest


Bucharest, May 16th, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) has come into possession of the first footages in digital format of the radio shows recorded by the Romanian Department of Radio Free Europe during 1956-1991. A number of 415 recordings have arrived at IICCMER as a result of a partnership signed with Hoover Institution Archives, Stanford University, stating that a total of 3,350 materials will undergo digitization.

The results of the digitizing process will be available for researchers and all interested parties at the IICCMER headquarters or at the Hoover Institution Archives (California, USA), while some fragments will also be posted online. In addition, a website dedicated to this initiative will soon be created. A copy of the digital archive of the Romanian Department of Radio Free Europe will be delivered to the National Archives of Romania.

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The volume Şacalul Securităţii. Teroristul Carlos în solda spionajului românesc(The Jackal of the Securitate. Terrorist Carlos serving Romanian espionage) by Liviu Tofan was launched with the support of IICCMER


The volume Şacalul Securităţii. Teroristul Carlos în solda spionajului românesc(The Jackal of the Securitate. Terrorist Carlos serving Romanian espionage) signed by Liviu Tofan is a reconstitution of the collaboration between terrorist Carlos the Jackal and the Securitate at the beginning of the 80s. The volume is based on the study of more than 130 files on Carlos’ gang and the activity of its members and collaborators: investigation and tracing files, examination and indictment files, covering a period of approximately 30 years and adding up to around 35,000 pages. The documents come from various countries (France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, United States, Greece, Cuba, Saudi Arabia), which were either the target of attacks from Carlos’ gang or places where investigations were undertaken as citizens of the respective countries had been targeted or involved in various operations. The main sources of information on the collaboration of the Jackal with the Romanian espionage are the archives of the former Secret Service in Hungary or East Germany. The author also uses Romanian documents which refer to the events taking place before 1989, but especially which reflect the attitude of the Romanian authorities following December.  As a pathetic page in our recent history, the conspiracy between the Securitate and Carlos becomes more than obvious, while the back of the page shows the efforts made by the successors of the Securitate to cover up the whole story.

The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) is investigating 35 people under suspicion of having committed various crimes during the communist regime


The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) is investigating 35 people under suspicion of having committed various crimes during the communist regime

Bucharest, April 11, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) has started the specific investigation procedures for 35 persons who held chief positions in the former repressive system and who are suspected of having committed various political crimes during the communist regime.

Following recent research, IICCMER has identified several actions with possible legal consequences committed by 35 people during 1950-1964, while they were acting employees of the Directorate General of Penitentiaries.

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The 7th volume of the IICCMRE Yearbook


The 7th volume of the IICCMRE Yearbook offers an analysis of the communist regime from a less addressed historiographical perspective. The authors crossed the chronological limitations that established the year 1945 as a landmark, thus identifying the elements that bring the communist regime closer or apart from other Romanian dictatorships of the twentieth century. Based on oral history sources and on archival documents, the biographical texts highlight the elements which decisively influenced the political destinies of some important communist leaders like Mihail Roller, Ana Pauker or Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej. These studies are accompanied by articles on urbanism and industrialization and also by materials referring to the resistance or to the short period of ideological “thaw” from Nicolae Ceauşescu’s regime.

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The volume Individual and Collective Destinies during Communism was recently published at the Polirom Publishing House


The volume Individual and Collective Destinies during Communism was recently published at the Polirom Publishing House, with the support of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile and of the Anti-Communist Resistance Memorial – “Ţara Făgăraşului”. The volume comprises the works of the Vth International Symposium, held at Sâmbăta de Sus – Făgăraş, in July 2010.

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Exhibition “Common Denominator - Death” in Turda


The exhibition “Common denominator – Death” opened on Thursday, 21st of February, 2013, at the Museum of History in Turda, Cluj County. The exhibition could be visited by the public from February 21 to March 17 on a free admittance basis.

Hosted by the Museum of History in Turda, the exhibition was organized by the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) and the National History Museum of Transylvania in Cluj, in collaboration with the Museum of History in Aiud.

The Ambassador of the Netherlands, honored by IICCMER


Bucharest, February 11, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile   (IICCMER) received the visit of His Excellency Mr. Matthijs van Bonzel, the Ambassador of the Netherlands in Bucharest.

His Excellency Mr. Matthijs van Bonzel, thus honored the invitation to visit the institute, made by Mr. Andrei Muraru, Executive President of IICCMER.

His Excellency Mr. Matthijs van Bonzel showed his interest in the activity of the IICCMER by stating that it was crucial for EU member states to support the actions which honor the memory of the victims of the totalitarian regime. In 2008 the Embassy of the Netherlands supported the project run by IICCMER to publish the first textbook dedicated to the study of the totalitarian phenomenon. It was named A History of the Communism in Romania and represented a complex educational initiative, targeting the young generations through a modern and accessible approach. In 2011, the Embassy financed the project The Human Rights in the Recent History of Romania and reaffirmed its support to the policies of remembrance.

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The Ambassador of the Republic of Lithuania supports the establishment of the Memorial Museum of Râmnicu Sărat


Bucharest, Monday February 4, 2013 – The Institute for the Investigation of the Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) received the visit of His Excellency Mr. Vladimir Jarmolenko, the Ambassador of the Republic of Lithuania in Bucharest.

His Excellency Mr. Vladimir Jarmolenko thus honored the invitation to visit the Institute, made by Mr. Andrei Muraru, Executive President of IICCMER.

During the talks, Mr. Ambassador was presented with the Institute’s current and future projects including the contemporary archeological campaigns carried out since 2006 which aimed to discover the remains of the people executed by the Securitate during the Dej regime, the restoration and integration into the cultural tourism circuit of the former prison from Râmnicu Sărat as a Memorial Museum and symbol of the anti-communist resistance, educational policies focused on publishing the first history textbook on communism, training courses for history teachers as well as other initiatives undertaken by IICCMER for the study, documentation and support of public awareness on the history of the communist totalitarianism in Romania.

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IICCMER and ICR join efforts to raise awareness on the consequences of the Communist regime


Bucharest / Wednesday, January 16, 2013, the signing ceremony of the partnership between the Romanian Cultural Institute (ICR) and the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) in the assembly hall of the Romanian Cultural Institute.

The event was attended by Prof. PhD Andrei Marga, President of RCI, Dr. Andrei Muraru, CEO of IICCMER, Dinu Zamfirescu, IICCMER Scientific Council President, Dr. Marius Oprea, Director of the Special Investigations Department from IICCMER.

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Mircea Carp’s volume, This is Mircea Carp, Good Tidings to All! (Foreword by Dinu Zamfirescu, Iaşi: Polirom, 2012)


Mircea Carp’s volume, This is Mircea Carp, Good Tidings to All! (Foreword by Dinu Zamfirescu, Iaşi: Polirom, 2012) is a remarkable editorial release. For many Romanians, Mircea Carp is the voice they heard for years on “Radio Free Europe” and “Voice of America”. Having left communist Romania in 1948, Mircea Carp first arrived in Austria, then moved to the United States in 1951, where he worked for the “Voice of America” radio station. 22 years later, he returned to Europe, in Munich, and continued working for the “Voice of America”. After a while, he accepted the transfer to “Radio Free Europe”, where he remained until the closing of the station in 1995. Throughout his career, Mircea Carp met people and reported events of historical significance: he accompanied Richard Nixon, the first U.S. president to visit Romania, as special correspondent; he covered the 1977 earthquake, as well as the events of December 1989 in his news stories. All of these stories and many more can be found in his book of memories, which also includes fragments of his tracking information file compiled by the Securitate and portraits of the public figures he met and interviewed.

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History of Communism in Europe, volume III


The third issue of the IICCMRE’s annual international journal – History of Communism in Europe (HCE) is now out. This issue entitled “Communism, Nationalism and State Building in Post-War Europe” is a signal of continuity and consistency in connecting the Romanian studies on twentieth century totalitarianism to international academic standards.

For further details about the content of the current issue, please visit the following link: http://www.zetabooks.com/new-releases/history-of-communism-in-europe-vol.-iii-2012.html


History of Communism in Europe is an expanding Romanian bilingual journal (English / French) that benefits from a rigorous selection, peer review and proof reading. HCE is listed in several international data bases (CEEOL, EBSCO, Metapress) and is constantly aiming at reaching higher goals. HCE has an editorial board consisting of young researchers, PhDs in political science and history, but also an advisory board exclusively made out of important names in the Western academic world.

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New book release: Ştefan Bosomitu, Mihai Burcea (coord.), Specters of Dej. Insights into a Dictator’s Biography and Regime, Iaşi: Polirom, 2012.


In November 2011, the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile organized the conference “Specters of Dej”. The event discussed the role of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej in the history of Romanian communism and marked 110 years since his birth. Such an approach was more than necessary, since an exhaustive biography of this central character of the Romanian communism had not yet been written. The conference discussed the personality and the biography of the communist leader, his activity while the party was illegal and his rise to absolute power within the Romanian Communist Party. The most important aspects regarding the functioning of the party-state during Dej’s regime were also analyzed. Following the conference, due to positive feedback, the IICCMRE took on the “Specters of Dej” as a publishing project. Thus, the idea of the present volume appeared to bring together the conference presentations and several other contributions.


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IICCMER launches a campaign of archaeological investigations to identify the remains of political prisoners who died in Aiud prison


The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) are conducting, as of July 2, 2012, a campaign of archaeological investigations in Aiud, in the place known as Rapa Robilor, where some of the prisoners who died in Aiud prison were buried. This year's archaeological research aims to search, recover and exhume the bones of former political prisoners and discover their identity. Due to works in the area, investigations will be carried out in a certain sector of the land parcel formerly reserved for the prison cemetery, an area that was not affected by the works mentioned. The investigation will be conducted by a team of archaeologists led by Mr. Marius Oprea, head of Special Investigations Department at the IICCMER.

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How do we teach the history of communism in Eastern Europe? International Conference


September 27th  - 28th 2012, Hotel Ramada Majestic Bucharest

The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile and the association Respiro Human Rights Research Centre, together with the association Militia Spirituala and with the support of the Soros Foundation and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, organized the international conference Education for Human Right through the History of the Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union. The event  aimed to discuss challenges and opportunities with regard to the education for human rights through the history of the recent past. The workshop’s objectives were, on the one hand, presenting, testing and improving educational tools already existing in the region and, on the other hand, sharing expertise, including practices that could be applied in other countries. The workshop thus helped to evaluate the main challenges and constrains and identify solutions to improve the study of the recent past from the perspective of education for human rights.

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Programme
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Abstract
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The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile launches the doctoral scholarships program 2012-2013


Starting with the academic year 2012-2013, IICCMER launches a doctoral scholarships program which aims to encourage rigorous scientific research on the communist regime in Romania. IICCMER will offer young PhD candidates five scholarships amounting to 1,500 lei per month during the span of an academic year (9 months).

Eligibility terms
In order to qualify for IICCMER’s doctoral scholarships, candidates should be at most 35 years old and already enrolled on a doctoral program within an authorized university in Romania (academic year 2012-2013). IICCMER employees and their relatives up to the fourth degree of kin are not eligible. Project selection will be undertaken by a jury formed of personalities of the academic field from Romania and abroad. The jury’s structure will be decided by the IICCMER’s executive president.

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The Romanian Government Gave IICCMER Back the Right to Notify Penal Inquiry Bodies. Prosecutors and Policemen Will Be Able to Work within the Institute.


On 25 July 2012, the Government changed the legal framework of the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER). The main amendment refers to the right of IICCMER to notify penal inquiry bodies when crimes and political abuses which were committed in the interval 1945-1990 are identified. Prosecutors and specialised personnel within the Ministry of Administration and Internal Affairs will be able to work within the Institute.

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The Summer University of Râmnicu Sărat, 6th edition, 20-26 August 2012: Communism between Memory and History


The Summer University focused on analysing ways of remembering the interval 1944-1989 from a historical and biographical perspective. Participating students were invited to reflect on various ideological, social and political aspects of communism. Considering the fact that the effects of this period are still present within the Romanian society, a better knowledge of the recent past may contribute to a deeper understanding of present realities. The connection with the past was accomplished, on one hand, by means of direct dialogue with those who were witnesses and victims of the communist regime, and, on the other hand, by means of the lectures delivered by well-known personalities in the field of Romanian and East-European communism-related researches, as well as on the post-1989 period.

The target-group of the project were represented by students aged between 19 and 27 years old, from the Faculties of History, Political Science, Sociology, Journalism, Letters, and Law, as well as PhD candidates in Humanities (except for final-year candidates).

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IICCMER Begins an Archaeological Investigations Campaign in order to Identify the Mortal Remains of the Political Prisoners Deceased in the Penitentiary of Aiud


Starting with 2 July 2012, the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile has undertaken an archaeological investigations campaign in the place known as the Precipice of Slaves/Râpa Robilor (Aiud), where a part of the prisoners who died in the local prison were buried.

The above-mentioned archaeological research aims to identify, recover, and exhume the remains of former political prisoners. Because of the workings in the area, investigations will only cover a part of the former plot where dead prisoners were buried. The research is taken on by a team of archaeologists co-ordinated by Marius Oprea, director of the Investigations Department within the IICCMER. In the field, the team is led by Gheorghe Petrov, expert archaeologist with the National Museum of the History of Transylvania (Cluj). Paul Scrobotă – director of the History Museum in Aiud – , Gabriel Rustoiu – director of the National Museum of Union in Alba Iulia –, and Horaţiu Groza from the History Museum in Turda are members of the team. The necessary labour is ensured by the Penitentiary of Aiud.

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The Website of IICCMER, now Available on the Smart Phone


Starting with 29 June 2012, the website of IICCMER is availablle to smart phone users (http://mobile.iiccmer.ro). It comprises current events and information on the Institute’s projects, publications, archive and library.

By means of this initiative, IICCMER begins a series of enterprises which focus on its optimal representation within the electronic environment, as well as on using modern technology in disseminating research results.

Conference: Representing the Communist Past. The Penitentiary of Râmnicu Sărat as a Place of Memory


On 2 July 2012, the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile organised the Conference entitled Representing the Communist Past. The Penitentiary of Râmnicu Sărat as a Place of Memory.

The Conference aimed at disseminating information on a lesser known subject of our recent history, namely the extermination policies undertaken by the communist authorities against “the enemies of the people” within the Penitentiary of Râmnicu Sărat in the interval 1945-1963. The foregoing prison became conspicuous because of its extreme restrictions and was therefore known as “the prison of silence”. Scarce alimentary allowances, the lack of medical treatment, and torture brought about the death of many personalities who had been confined there.

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Conference: The Greek Communist Party and Romanian Communism


On 27 June 2012, the Conference entitled The Greek Communist Party and Romanian Communism took place at the Faculty of History within the University of Bucharest. The special guest of the Conference is Dr. Apostolos Patelakis from the Institute of Balkan Studies in Thessaloniki. Dr. Andrei Muraru, executive president of IICCMER, and Dr. Adrian Cioroianu, dean of the Faculty of History within the University of Bucharest, took part in the event as well.

The Conference is organised by the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile in partnership with the Faculty of History within the University of Bucharest.